Things to do in Dubrovnik Croatia

Located in Croatia, Dubrovnik is popularly called Pearl of Adriatic and known to be a beautiful city having friendly and gentle people. It is a place full of excellent and serene atmosphere that you’ll always want to be.

It’s over 15 years when the city wall was bombed counting the various loss of life, and now, the entire city has been reconstructed, and Dubrovnik is now a place everyone wants to be.


To do in Dubrovnik Croatia

It was founded in the vii century although Dubrovnik was proposed during the Byzantine Imperium.  Later in 1204, it was recorded that the Venice Republic dominated Dubrovnik receiving the economic and cultural influences. Hungarian dominated it after Venice Republic domination which ended in 1358, and it was followed by Ottoman and later by Austrian in 1815.

Dubrovnik city became part of the kingdom of Yugoslavia and one of the socialist in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the first part of 20th century. It is made of six different socialist republics under the control of Tito who ended up reconciling the different ethnic groups during his time.

After the death of Tito, Yugoslavia started a war and ended in the year 1999. Old town which was damaged during the war was repaired through the help of UNESCO instructions. The city was repaired, and the original beauty of the city was repaired and maintained.


There is a popular city in Dubrovnik called Old city. It is beautiful and spectacular with about 22 meters tall and 2 kilometers long. There are so many episodes recorded in this old city, and one of them is the Game of Thrones.

Dubrovnik has one of the most beautiful Beach called Banje, which is near to the well-known old city. It has a cute, small and rock beach divided into public section and private sections. You can try different activities like kayak, Jet Ski rental. It is impossible for anyone to get bored. The water is blue, gorgeous and crystal clear.

Lokrum is the usual green island that we can see when looking for Croatian island. You can get there by boat from Dubrovnik. Lokrum has a large diversity of flora and beautiful beaches but an interesting fact is the number of peacock and cute rabbits on the island.

The nightlife in Dubrovnik is also exciting. You can see many bars, restaurants as well as a warm and romantic atmosphere. It is a place full of fun where you can try black seafood risotto in a gorgeous square where families and couples meet to enjoy themselves. You can enjoy Dubrovnik ice cream while discovering the stratum.


When talking about beaches in Dubrovnik, there are different beaches you can enjoy. Croatia beaches are known to be the main attraction for tourists. When talking about beaches in Croatia, they remain the best in Mediterranean.

Croatia has one of the best beaches in the world, and it’s known with a lot of pleasant places suitable for your tour, trip, and holidays for your families and loved ones.

Beaches found in Croatia has everything a beach enthusiast would ever need. It is the cleanest most beautiful type of water you can find anywhere in the world. Throughout the coast of Croatia, there are wonderful coves and beaches that will leave you a great feeling of enactment.

Do you wish to spend your holidays lying down on the sand or want to make have the best swimming experience? If so, heading out to Croatia beaches which is the best in the entire world is one of the best decision you can take.

There are sandy beaches, pebbly beaches, nudist beaches and rocky beaches in Croatia. You’ll surely find whatever kind of beach you are looking for in Croatia.

Brela beach is the best of all Croatia beaches. It is considered to be the best beach in the entire Europe. Brela beach is located along makarska coast and has about 6 km of gravel-like sand which leads to the crystal water of Mediterranean. It has a lot of romantic hideaways suitable for couples on their honeymoon.

Paradise Beach is a popular beach known by tourists, and it is located in Lopar. It is a good beach suitable for beginners and young swimmers with its shallow bay.

Lubenice beach is a great beach to go swimming located on Cres island. Another popular name of lubenice beach is Sveti Ivan beach, and it is listed among the best hidden and romantic beaches in the world.

If you are interested in windsurfing, do not hesitate to be in Zlatni rat beach as it is known to be one of the best Croatia beaches for haven windsurfers. It is known to be a beautiful pebbly beach having a cape which changes according to the waves and the wind. This is a unique opportunity for tourist to swim and gave a great sunbathe.

Trѕtеnik Beach is a beach good for tourists who love diving. Trѕtеnik Beach is located on Peljesac peninsula and well known for its unique diving center which allows tourists to have a great experience a wonderful Croatia stunning underwater wildlife and relatively tranquil cove.

Croatia beaches are great places to have a stunning experience of your holiday. Croatia beaches are known to be a beach goer’s paradise for all tourists with its alluring coves and beautiful waters.


Istria beaches have a lot of unique experience and pleasures to offer everyone looking for a fantastic beach to relax. If you luckily visit this great places, then you can visit any of the following wonderful beaches in Istria that will leave you with a stunning and alluring experience.


Medulin sandy beach is a perfect beach for everyone especially those who have lovely kids. It’s a place full of fun and wonderful experience that your child will love to have. If you want to have a little bit of fun when paddling, it’s a good place safe for swimming and paddling. Medulin is located about 8 kilometers from Pula. Those fortunate enough to have their vessels can easily travel to islands by water taxi


It’s usually known to be a small tourist town located on the south eastern coast of Istria. It has a white pebble beach’s which perfectly shines in the sun. Rabac is known as the popular destination for families to enjoy their holiday beach together with their loved ones. The town comes alive in the summer months with a different fun carnivals, regattas, and a summer festival.


Porec is popularly known to be a perfect destination to find the beach of your favorite seaside sporting activities. With рriѕtinе bays and beaches, and accommodation congregating around the blue and green lagoons, Porec has a lot of activities a tourist would like to enjoy in a beach. Porec has lovely and bustling beaches, and it’s a plate for historic buildings. If you are tired of swimming, beach volleyball, and wind surfing, then going to Porec would be a very good decision you can take and it has a lot of fun reserved for your entertainment.


Umag is a great place to experience a strange mix of old and new, natural and manicured experience. There are several and fascinating old town buildings around horseshoe shaped bay during the Roman time. It is a home for different modern beach resorts. Some of the examples of such modern beaches are Sol Polynesia Umag and Kanegra Umag.

Their resorts are so close to the historic town located in Umag and are surrounded by lovely sport coastlines and lush Mediterranean vegetation suitable for a perfect recreational and relaxation.


You can see different bays and beaches located along Vrsar which are usually found between Rovinj and Porec. In the ancient days, Vrѕаr is known to be a village popularly known for its fishing activities, and now, Vrѕаr is now a must place for every tourist to go. Vrѕаr has some resorts and different facilities, and accommodation prepared for tourists visiting Vrѕаr. There are many beaches you can choose around Vrsar. The best are Valkanela, Vrsar, and Kоvеrѕаdа. The unspoiled islands off shore are perfect for a quiet getaway.

You do not have to neglect beaches of Croatia close to central Europe and western, as they have great beaches and a lot to offer for you to enjoy and have fun with your families.

Some families may be busy in summer, but heading offshore or to a secluded bays around the coast will allow you to escape the crowds.

Do not underestimate the experience, fun, and excitements loaded in Dubrovnik Croatia and there are various beaches where you can enjoy the best tour with your family. Giving your families a fresh experience is a great way of educating your loved ones. You will experience great places in Dubrovnik, Croatia coupled with ancient buildings.

Pazin Vegetations

The Vegetation in Pazin Croatia

pazin vegetation 4
pazin vegetation 4

Based in its vegetation and geographic features, the area of confluence the Pazinčica River has a sub-Mediterranean character.
Its plant communities mainly consist of deciduous species of trees and bushes.
Thermophile (preferring warm areas) vegetation is represented by two habitats.

Forests of pubescent oak and oriental horn beam (Querco-Carpinetum orientalis)
– The most thermophile community of these forests
Forests of pubescent oak and hop hornbeam (Ostrio-Quercetum pubescentis)
– The most frequent in the confluence of the Pazinčica
– The layer of bushes presents bloodtwig dogwood, mahaleb cherry, Rhus toxicodendron and common privet

Colder and northern slopes or well canyons, especially on the flysch base, are characterized by components of mesophile vegetation.
They grow in the following forest communities:
Seaside beech forest with autumn moor grass
– inhabit lower areas and narrow valleys
Forests of peduncular oak with  autumn moor grass
Microclimate conditions within the cave obviously divide the flora into two parts.
The brim of the cave and its sunny sides mainly feature species with  thermophile character;
various reeds, hellebore, common germander, and fennel.
The shadier northern and northeast slopes of the cave feature species with particularly mesophile character; baneberry, O. Pallens (pale orchid), dead nettle.
There are also numerous ferns, moss and mushrooms.

pazin vegetation
pazin vegetation

Around the cave grows a variety of endangered and protected species of ground level flora.
Martagon lily and Istrian hellebore are strictly protected, and the followings regional species are protected:

  • cyclamen
  • Hepatica Nobilis
  • common periwinkle
  • Italian lords and ladies
  • European ginger root
  • sea holly other
  • snowdrop
  • Autumn joy
  • Salomon’s seal

On the rocks around the cave and also on the walls around the Castle and on the bell tower of St. Nicholas frequently grows the endemic Adriatic species Campanula pyramidalis.


Pazin legends
Pazin legends

How the Cave of Pazin was made

Once upon a time, when giants and men lived together in Istria, there were vast lakes and swamps in the north of Istria. The south had no stream or well, so the men asked giant Ban Dragonja to help them soak the soil. Dragonja yoked enormous oxen and plowed from the lake to the sea. When he brought water from the sea through the first furrow, the river Dragonja was made and the giant named it after him. The next day, he plowed the second furrow, thus creating a new river named after his wife Mirna. When he reached the city walls of the Castle of Pazin plowing the third furrow, the wife of the captain of Pazin started to tease him from her window. She teased him about plowing shallowly and about his furrow not being straight. Ban Dragonja was very offended and drove the oxen back. Water gushed down the unfinished furrow, starting to flood the Pazin basin. Inhabitants of Pazin started crying for help and begging Dragonja to save them from peril. Ban Dragonja had mercy on them, so he stomped the ground right under the rock with the Castle. With a horrible roar, the earth shook and his fierce blow opened up a huge cave and swallowed all the water. This is the story of the creation of the little river Pazinčica that was made instead of the third river. Its waters still disappear without a trace in the rocky Cave of Pazin.

Legend of the shepherd of Raša

poor shepherd from Raša served the master of the Castle of Pazin. While he was tending sheep on a pasture above the Cave of Pazin, a sheep fell into the abyss at a moment of inattention. He did not tell anybody about what had happened. However, when he paid a visit to his family, his father showed him the dead sheep washed ashore by the water at Saint Anthony’s spring in the valley of the River Raša. The shepherd recognized the sheep from his herd, and when he returned to Pazin, he would occasionally throw a sheep in the abyss thus maintaining his family. Unfortunately, one day, instead of the sheep, the father found his dead son at the spring: the master uncovered him and threw him into the abyss.

The creation of Cave


The Pazinčica
The confluence of the Pazinčica, popularly called “potok” (stream) by the inhabitants of Pazin covers the surface of 83 square kilometres and the length of 16.5 km. It almost entirely lies on the impermeable flysch rocks giving the water flows a very flood-like character. Reaching the permeable rock in the cave, the Pazinčica becomes a subterranean river.
Due to large precipitations, floods are characterized by the creation of big quantities of water. When the inflow of waters of the Pazinčica exceeds the capacity of disappearing underground, the cave witnesses the flooding of the abyss.
The Pazinčica used to flow underground-near Beram, Kringa and Dvigrad to the sea- forming the Lim Valley.

In the hydro-geological sense, the Cave of Pazin is an abyss created on the junction of the impermeable flysch base of the confluence of the Pazinčica and the permeable limestone that makes up the whole area of southwest Istria. Right behind the impressive gorge of the abyss is a long hall with a large cave lake- Martel’s lake. By means of a siphon, it is connected with the nearby Mitar’s lake.
Research indicates that the water bearer whose waters also include the Pazinčica directs its waters towards springs in the east and the south part of the Istrian peninsula (Raša and Blaz).

The share in the formation of the Cave of Pazin equally belongs to tectonic and hydrologic influences, so that it can be called the speleological object of polygenetic type.
Layers of upper-Cretaceous limestone included in the large NW-SI crevices provided a tectonic predisposition for the creation of the cave itself and the final canyon of the Pazinčica. The once opened passage into the underground was enlarged and shaped as a consequence of later influence of water.
The largest flood in the cave occurred in 1896. It was noted by E. A. Martel, renowned French speleologist. On that event, the water in the cave reached 30 metres under the city walls of the Castle. The last big floods happened in 1964 and 1993.


Edouard Alfred Martel, 

Pazin explorer
Pazin explorer

(Pontoise, 1859. – St.Thomas La Garde, 1938.)
Laywer by profession, and a big fan of Jules Verne’s works and travels. Along with his explorer’s spirit, this determined his interest later in life. He explored more than 1500 abysses, caves and underground streams. Martel explored Dragon’s Caves on Majorca, numerous caves and abysses in France, Belgium, Switzerland, England and the USA. In 1893, along with W. Putick, he descended to the end of the Abyss of Pazin, and he made its first sketch. The same year, he travelled through Dalmatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Monte Negro and Greece, exploring abysses, underground rivers and underground streams. He wrote thousands of articles and around twenty books about his explorations. His book Abîmes (1894), which, among other things, comprises the report on the exploration of the Abyss of Pazin, had 10 editions! By establishing Société de Spéléologie (1895) and starting the famous magazine “Spelunca”, E. A. Martel set up foundations of modern speleology. E. A. Martel was the president of the prestigious Société de Géographie and a member of the French Academy.


Wilhelm Putick,
(Popuvka (Brno), Češka, 1856. – Ljubljana, 1929.).
Studied forestry in Vienna and worked in the State Forestry Administration in Vienna from 1885. In 1893, he was transferred to forestry inspection in Ljubljana, where he worked until his retirement in 1924. As early as 1879, he took an interest in hydrology of karst, meliorations and abyss exploration. He explored more than 110 caves from 1886 to 1899! In 1893, during the exploration of the Abyss of Postojna and the underground Pivka, E. A. Martel joined him. Putick was mostly interested in hydrology of karst fields, problems of floods and their melioration. He is one of the first to have worked on the project of reclaiming the Lake of Ćepić in Istria.

Mirko Malez,
(Ivanec, 1924.- Zagreb, 1990.)
Studied geological sciences in Zagreb. Collaborator in Geologic-paleontological collection and karst laboratory, which under his guidance became the Palaeontology Quaternary Geology Institute. He was a regular member of the Croatian Academy. His significant works comprised fields of paleozoology, paleoanthropology, speleology and Quaternary geology, especially concerning cave layers and fossil people, appearance of ice wedges, development of river terraces and other. The majority of his works was dedicated to faunas of fossil mammals of Pleistocene. He was the founder and the president of the Speleology Association of Croatia. Explored the Pazin Abyss with collaborators in 1967.

Pazin explorer - Drago Opasic
Pazin explorer – Drago Opasic

Drago Opašić – Billy
(Cerovlje, 1948 – 2000)
Jamar – federal speleology instructor, poet, hermit, ecologist, diver, entertainer, cameraman, pyrotechnist, bohemian and declared anarchist, Drago Opašić – Billy, born at noon sharp, 12 December 1948 in Cerovlje. Curiosity and passion for nature and for Istria made him explore the Istrian underground, so he backpacked all Istria, well-known in every village and at every festivity.
His love for earth, nature and people was expressed in form of poems that tell us about himself as much as about Istria and its people.
Regardless of the fact that he chose to stay out of the system and without a permanent employment, he was the initiator, the founder and long-time president of the Speleology Association “Istra” from Pazin, through which he passed his love of nature on to new generations, as a teacher, a mentor and a role-model. He participated in important international and Croatian speleological expeditions. Billy’s ardour with the Abyss of Pazin culminated in a big exploring action in the Abyss in 1975.

Research History

Pazin history
Pazin history
Pazin history

The impressive abyss of the Pazin stream in the karst cave had attracted attention for a long time, of both curious European travel writers and scientists and speleologists.
The cave of Pazin was first mentioned in 1770 by Alberto Fortis, natural scientist from Padua in his study of the karst underground in Istria.
However, first systematic research of the abyss of Pazin was made by Edouard A. Martel, renowned French speleologist and karst scholar.
In 1893, E. A. Martel and Wilhelm Putick, forestry expert from Ljubljana, made the first detailed draft of the cave. Martel recognized the fact that the abyss was created as the consequence of the effect of water running along the crevices in the rocks, and that waters from the large underground lake (Martel’s lake) must outflow through the siphon on the bottom.
In the 1920s, the Italian geologist Carlo D’Ambrosi indicated the underground connection between the abyss of Pazin and the valley of the Raša River in the eastern part of Istria. The experiment with marked eels of the scientist from Rovinj Massimo Sella additionally confirmed this fact.
In 1967, geologists from Zagreb and the paleontologist Mirko Malez made a detailed draft of the cave and studied its creation in detail. Malez advocates the earlier theory claiming that waters from the cave spring in the Lim Canal in the western part of Istria.
After that, the cave was researched by the Speleological Association Istra from Pazin, with the assistance of divers from Pula.
In 1975, Mitar Marinović dived across the siphon of the large lake and dived out in the next, until then unknown cave hall with a little lake named Mitar’s Lake after him.
Despite the fact that the last water marking confirmed that they definitely do not reach the Lim Canal, but the east and the south of Istria, the latest research of speleologists from Pazin discovered yet another abyss, in the Green Cave (Zelena pećina).
So after all, does the Green Cave take a part of waters of the Pazinčica towards the Lim Canal?

Only additional research can provide an answer to this question.